Equine Set-Fast/Tying-Up Syndrome
Equine Set-Fast is also known as Equine Tying-Up Syndrome. Other names by which Set-Fast Tying-Up Syndrome is known are– Transient Exertional Rhabdomyolysis (ER), Polymyositis, Azoturia, and Monday morning disease
Set-Fast or Tying-Up Syndrome manifests itself when the horse’s limbs become stiff when exercising or soon after. Set-Fast or Tying-Up Syndrome can be very debilitating to the extent that the horse can barely move. Set-Fast or Tying-Up Syndrome is likely to be a permanent problem.
Set-Fast/Tying-Up Syndrome can vary from transient cramping to a more serious problem causing muscle destruction.
Symptoms of Equine Set-Fast/Tying-Up Syndrome
- Hard painful and stiff muscles in the rear quarters
- Heavy Perspiration
- Reluctance to move
- Colic pain
- Swelling of the feet (laminitis)
- Fast Pulse rate
Possible Causes of Equine Set Fast/Tying-Up Syndrome
Many people have found some of the following causes relevant to their particular case of Set Fast/Tying-Up Syndrome. Not all are proven. Usually some of the listed causes acting together – but all including an element of exercise, can cause Equine Set-Fast or Tying-Up Syndrome.
- Over excitement
- Feed Imbalance between diet and workload
- Altered carbohydrate metabolism
- Lactate build up
- Presence of ear ticks
- A dearth of oxygen to the muscles
- Selenium/Vitamin E deficiency
- Electrolyte imbalance
- Poor Conditioning
- Sudden increase in workload
- Inclement wet cold or windy weather conditions
Diagnosis and Treatment of Equine Set Fast/Tying-Up Syndrome
Your veterinarian will organise blood tests which will highlight any of the above causes for Equine Set Fast/Tying-Up Syndrome and recommend some of the following forms of treatment. There is no single cure as Set-Fast/Tying-Up Syndrome is a complicated disease.
- Walking the horse in hand for mild cases – for severe of cases Set Fast/Tying-Up Syndrome do not move the horse
- Pain killers such as Bute
- IV fluids to correct imbalances
- Muscle relaxants