Description of Equine Salmonellosis Disease:
Equine Salmonellosis is a bacterial disease causing severe diarrhoea in horses. The many strains of the Salmonellosis bacteria are hardy and adaptable, surviving for long periods, not needing an equine host, and thriving in environmental contamination. The range of severity of Salmonellosis depends on how much exposure your horse has to the relevant bacteria and also to the strength of the Salmonellosis bacteria.
To reduce the risk of Salmonellosis, pay particular attention to pasture management and environmental hygiene as this will help prevent the spread of the infection between horses. Salmonellosis can spread via water, feed and faeces.
Isolate your horse and contact your vet immediately if you suspect it is infected with Salmonellosis. A diagnosis will be made by culturing the bacteria from a fecal sample.
Symptoms of Equine Salmonellosis
• Fever (104 degrees or higher)
• loss of appetite
• abdominal pain something like a colic episode
• dark red mucous membranes
• increased heart and respiratory rates
• progressive weakness,
• circulatory collapse
Causes of Equine Salmonellosis
• salmonella bacteria
• contaminated food or water.
Treatment of Equine Salmonellosis
• Isolation of the horse
• Intravenous fluids